Monday, January 07, 2013

summoning ghost frames

this is a write-up of the ghost frames workshop i delivered at GLI.TC/H 2112

ghost frames is a term i use to describe video frames which do not actually exist in a video file but which are sometimes revealed when using damaged data and/or glitch processes. for the sake of discussion, i'll also use "ghost frames" to refer to the process i use to invoke these frames. my process involves a bug in certain versions of avidemux, though there are likely other ways you could do something similar. (nick extracrispy tells me he can do something similar in quicktime, for example.)

specifically, i use avidemux version 2.5.4. the process is likely to work in other 2.5 and earlier versions, though i haven't tested them. it definitely does not work in the current version, 2.6. also, during the workshop, some mac users reported that they couldn't get avidemux to install. for os x lion/mtn lion, check these instructions for installing avidemux.

i initially discovered ghost frames thanks to another glitchy behavior in avidemux. my desktop computer runs windows 7 and has a video capture card for recording tv signals off a coax connection. the default tv capture program in windows 7 is called windows media center, which records programs in a format called WTV. WTV is proprietary (closed) format, but it's close enough to MPEG that when i try to open a WTV file in avidemux 2.5.4, it asks me "This looks like an MPEG. Do you want to index it?"

answering yes to this question and no to any follow-up questions results in a video that is recognizable but thoroughly mangled. here are some typical examples:

arise_glitch8

occasionally you'll get weirder, unpredictable glitches like this:

arise_glitch11

i'd been playing around with this wtv transcoding glitch for months before i saw my first ghost frame, which i discovered by accident. to invoke ghost frames in avidemux, scroll through a damaged video backwards. just skip to the end (or any point in the middle, if you prefer), and use your left arrow key to reverse through the file. if your file is damaged in the "right" way (say, via WTV transcoding), then you'll start to see frames that aren't really there:

parade45

what seems to be happening here is that avidemux is getting confused and applying incremental changes in the wrong direction. to save space, MPEG files only occasionally send full frames (keyframes or i-frames) and fill the rest of the video with p- and b- frames that only describe which pixels have changed since the previous frame. reversing through the file seems to trick avidemux into applying these changes wrong, thus revealing glitched frames that aren't actually in the file. (and i love the fact that you do this by going in reverse; it really makes it seem like some magic ritual.)

you can even do something i call dancing between the keyframes, inching back and forth through a glitchy area of the file as the artifacts become increasingly pronounced:

ninja125

of course, it's one thing to see a ghost, and something else altogether to capture a ghost. ghost frames disappear just as suddenly as they appear. skip so much as one frame too far and those ghostly glitches you've been cultivating could vanish. you can't just hold down the left arrow key and storm through the place: you have to inch along. you have to creep.

so that's how you summon ghost frames from WTV files. it's all well and good if you're running windows 7 with a tv capture card, and have video content you can pipe through a coax connection, but that's a fairly narrow demographic. also, WTV transcoding introduces some artifacts i'd prefer to be able to turn off, like the banding at the top of the screen. so when preparing for the ghost frames workshop, i spent a few hours digging around for non-WTV files that would work with this process. most files i tried wouldn't. but by chance, i found one file that did. further investigation revealed that the teaser videos on NSFW adult website ellinude.com could be used to summon ghost frames—but only the videos from the past several months. (i don't have a subscription to the site so i don't know if the full-length subscriber videos glitch in the same way, though it seems likely.)

fun glitches! but because i found these files in the wild and they seem to be normal working video files, i don't know what about them makes them glitch like this. more about that below.

areas to explore

  1. crack the mystery of what makes the ellinude videos glitch. is it something in the encoding settings? something in the camera that shot them? something in the actual frame content? a combination, or other factors? the obvious goal is to reproduce these effects on files of our own choosing.
    my analysis suggests these files were encoded using ffmpeg, but i haven't quite been able to reverse-engineer the encoding settings. (and don't know if it would do much good even if i could.) some metadata from some of the video files is available here (thanks to antonio roberts for his help compiling this metadata).
  2. if we can summon ghost frames from transcoded WTV files and from ellinude's MP4s, then they could likely be found in other types of mangled/miscoded video. damaged/databent files, deliberately poor encoding, hacked codecs, etc are possible avenues for source video.
  3. this process has a lot of similarities with datamoshing. the two processes could likely be combined to interesting effect.
  4. version/system sensitivity testing—will this process work in other versions of avidemux, and if so which ones? will the same file produce the same ghost frames using different versions of avidemux or different operating systems?
  5. identify other tools/processes for summoning ghost frames.

114 comments:

Andrés said...

i've been working only with images. i'm just starting on this work. i use "ghost frames" but as images. i like to reduce the reproduction speed to watch the "ghost frames" appear. then i capture the image and the results are pretty awesome. video or gif files look great too.

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Now that we know what space movie made in 1992 it’s time to check out the plotline of the movie in brief. So, the story of the movie Gayniggers from Outer Space (1992) is about the Alien or extraterrestrial beings that wants to free the men of the earth from dominating women. So, to do that, they try to start a new society of homos*xuals. Therefore, we can say that the movie belongs to the genre of Comedy, homos*xuality, and sci-fi. So, why did people ask ‘What space movie came out in 1992’ anyway? Well, we have to say that it’s another one of that internet Meme stuff. It all started when a few Redditors asked people not to google space movie 1992. As you may know, it’s a trick to fool people into searching for that thing. Therefore, the origin of this trend was Reddit. Nowadays, people also search for OST to PST file conversion utility on Reddit and this had gained a trend.

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HBO Max is available on PlayStation 4 and other home devices through an update to the HBO Now app. However, currently, the HBO Max app does not allow users who have free access with their cable plan to connect with their TV provider's specs. Either way, users can log into the HBO Max service using the TV login page on the HBO Max official website.
To do this, you will need to go to the official HBO Max website on the desktop browser. In particular, PS4 users will initially need to go to Hbomax.com/tvsignin. This provides the TV provider login page for HBO Max Hbomax.com/tvsignin.

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You'll need an access code and an SSID to begin the linksys setup wifi extender process. Once you've registered to the network, you'll be able to log into the log-in page. The setup wizard helps in setting the Linksys wifi extender. You can customize the changes as you wish. For more details on setting up an account, visit our website.

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If you want to login to dlink router, open any compatible web browser and enter the local gateway dlinkrouter.local or the default IP address http://192.168.0.1. The login screen appears. Log in with your login and username, and then click OK. The control panel appears and you can make changes as per your needs. If you encounter any issues with login, you should get in touch with our tech experts.

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Netgear Orbi Login can be performed through two methods i.e., www.orbilogin.net and the Orbi app. If you wish to login through the web address, you need to enter the default username and password on the page. However, the Netgear Orbi login process is easy with the help of the Orbi app.

Mark said...

For Arris Router Login
, connect to the Arris router’s wifi network. Navigate to your Arris router’s IP 192.168.0.1 or 192.168.1.254 and enter the default login credentials when prompted. This will complete the Arris router login process and you will successfully get inside your Arris wifi router.
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dlinkrouter.local is the default web address through which you can get access to your D-Link router and manage its wireless settings. The default address goes in the address bar of your browser. After that, enter the default D-Link router password and username and log into your D-Link wifi router.

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For Brother Printer setup
, connect your printer to the computer with a USB cable or through a wireless method. Now, go to the Brother printer support website and download the drivers and software. Install the software and go through the Brother printer setup wizard. Once the setup completes, print a test page to finalize the setup.

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The Linksys router EA4500 default password helps you get access to your router. The password is required on the Linksys router login page.
If you have forgotten the default Linksys router password, please refer to the wireless label pasted on the backside of the router. You can also refer to the product manual.

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Want to login to Nest camera? To login to Nest camera, download the Nest app on your mobile and configure your camera using the app.
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To reset extender Comfast, locate the reset button on the frame of your Comfast extender. Press the reset button and hold it down for about 10 seconds.
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For Linksys setup extender RE7000, connect your extender to the power supply. Keep your extender close to the router. Login to the Linksys extender using the default web address extender.linksys.com.

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To access your Orbilogin page, you have to go to orbilogin.com. The login page will display your current network information and Orbi login status.

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www.routerlogin.net Resetting a Netgear router restores your router to factory settings and clears all connections, wireless networks, passwords, etc. of devices. After resetting the Netgear router to factory settings, your device will return to its original settings. These are the settings that your router comes with.

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